First we at Friends of Yaudanchi would like to thank for your interest in saving the Yaudanchi Ecological Reserve. The community of Porterville, however, is close to losing a small but signifigant piece of open space. We discovered that the irrigation ditch would be replaced with a pipeline that would devastate Yaudanchi and remove public access to YER. The following is a chronological description of what has, what is, and what will be happening to protect this little "Jewel of the Tule River.
Yaudanchi Ecological Reserve is approximately 162 acres and located on the eastern edge of Porterville, CA and immediately adjacent to Porterville Developmental Center. It is surrounded mostly by agriculture. It is owned by Porterville Developmental Center (California Dept. of Developmental Services) and has been (minimally) managed by California Dept. of Fish and Wildlife for 40 years. YER is also indicated in the Porterville General Plan as an open space of importance to the city and identified as a public use space. Add to that its importance to hundreds of wildlife and plant species and the fact that it is a component of the remaining Tule River floodplain, the strong argument can be made to keep it as such and even to enhance its function as an outdoor classroom for science, archeology, and history.
The riparian areas along the Tule River have supported wildlife and plant species for countless centuries; cycles of flooding created wetlands and natural ground recharge areas. In 1860, when early day pioneers began to plant crops, a ditch was constructed by Chinese laborers to channel some water from the main Tule River to a few farms. This ditch did not significantly reduce the volume of the Tule River or change the nature of the riparian areas along the river; likely it provided water that was not ordinarily there during dry seasons.
In 1958, construction began on the Success Dam on the Tule River; the dam caused significant changes to downstream riparian areas, but the small area that was traversed by the old dirt ditch survived as a riparian area likely because of the water escaping from the ditch. Little by little, farms and homes were built along the ditch and some parts of the ditch were lined with cement, however, for the area we call the Reserve, the dirt ditch remained and was its lifeline.
In 1945, a block of land was acquired by the State of California Department of Health, and the area we now call the Yaudanchi Reserve was surplus land adjacent to the Porterville State Hospital, (now the Porterville Developmental Center)
In 1976, the area was designated as the Yaudanchi Reserve. This effort was the result of the work of many civic organizations. There was a contract signed between the State Department of Health and California Department of Fish and Game (Now Fish and Wildlife) to manage the Reserve – it said “in perpetuity.”
This past November, we discovered that the Vandalia Irrigation District was in the final stages of approving the piping of the portion of the dirt ditch that feeds the Reserve’s riparian area. At first we believed that our only battle was to protect the water supply for this Reserve by preventing the Irrigation District from piping the water.
Our input to the Vandalia Irrigation District focused on the incomplete and inaccurate draft Mitigated Negative Declaration that was about to be signed. We surprised them by attending their public meeting – they did not appear to have expected any attendees. The Vandalia Irrigation District has not yet finalized the Decision; they said they would announce a continuation of the public meeting, but so far there has been no announcement of their intentions.
We submitted input based on a very narrow understanding of the project. Now we have much more information.
At the time we attended the meeting and submitted input, we thought we were protecting the Yaudanchi Reserve, managed by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife. We did not fully realize that the Reserve had been very quietly closed and no longer existed as an official entity. (but it still exists as a natural wetland area!)
Prior to the Vandalia Irrigation District’s official notice of preparation of a Mitigated Negative Declaration on the piping project, the Porterville Developmental Center made the decision to close the Reserve. The signs were taken down; the public was locked out. There was no notice to the public about this and no opportunity to comment. There was no CEQA review of this decision. The Developmental Center quietly sent a letter to the California Department of Fish and Wildlife telling them that a clause in the contract allowed them to break the contract with 10 days’ notice – and they were doing that. (Prior to this notification, the California Department of Fish and Wildlife had submitted a letter of input regarding the CEQA process being carried out by the Vandalia Irrigation District. It was highly critical of the information in their Draft Mitigated Negative Declaration.)
Minutes of the Vandalia Irrigation District state that they waited to publish their Notice of Intent until the Developmental Center notified them that the contract with CDFW had been terminated; they were coordinating their actions with each other. The Developmental Center is a majority shareholder in the Irrigation District. I believe they were doing their best to circumvent CEQA. (Perhaps they thought if there were no official “Reserve” that might make the piping impacts seem less significant
Our requests under the Public Records Act have resulted in much more information. Now we know there were many activities that occurred prior to their public notice. It seems to me that they had already decided to do the project before they had done any studies.
We have dedicated people who have researched as much as possible. Documents and notes of their phone conversations and email messages are included. We had a lot to wade through.
We had several questions : among them is the question of whether or not the State Department of Health should have followed CEQA prior to their decision to close the Reserve and to end the contract with California Department of Fish and Wildlife to manage it: i.e. not have anyone manage the Reserve – to end it as a protected area. If they should have prepared CEQA documents, then we needed to challenge them right away. There is a strong possibility that the State has intentions to sell the land or to expand their facilities to accommodate their expected increase in “forensically challenged” clients (criminally insane). OF course, if they have such plans, then they should be part of any CEQA analysis.
As for the project to pipe the ditch, in June 2018, we managed to have an incredible victory: The VWD Board voted to NOT build the pipeline...at least for now, we speculated. (Yes, the Friends of Yaundanchi did take a moment to celebrate). To prevent this, and usher in a new public space for Porterville, our next step is to find a land managing entity to take lead on ensuring that Yaudanchi's ecological, cultural, and community functions be kept in tact.
Friends of Yaudanchi Reserve
Yaudanchi Ecological Reserve by Barbara Brydolf
Published in INSIGnis: Newsletter of the Alta Peak Chapter of California Native Plant Society
The Yaudanchi Ecological Reserve (YER) is a small piece of land (about 155 acres) inside the Porterville city boundaries. It is owned by the State of California and attached to the Porterville Developmental Center, bordering on the south side Highway 190. Formerly part of the Tule River channel, it was cut off from that supply of water when the Success Dam was built, but until now it continued to receive water ﬂow from the Campbell-Moreland Ditch, which is an open channel. It was declared an Ecological Preserve in 1976, open to the public and managed by the California Department of Fish and Game (now called the California Department of Fish and Wildlife).
The YER has a signiﬁcant amount of riparian (river) vegetation, containing willow (Salix sp.), cottonwood (Populus sp.), valley oak (Quercus lobata), and sycamore (Platanus racemosa). Kit fox, several raptors, and other species have been reported from the site, and it has hosted a Blue Heron rookery.! ! Recently, the Vandalia Irrigation District (VID) proposed to convert the open ditch crossing the property to a closed pipe. In November, VID issued a CEQA document (California Environmental Quality Act) stating that this action would have a minimal negative impact on the site.
I obtained a copy of the document (Notice of Intent to Adopt and Consideration of Mitigated Negative Declaration). The document states that the removal of water would have a negligible effect on the habitat at the site, but gave no evidence to support such a statement. The document also contains a letter from CDFW (CA Dept. of Fish and Wildlife) stating that the removal of water from enclosing the ditch in pipe would have a signiﬁcant negative effect on the property. However, after this letter was received by VID, the Porterville Developmental Center (who controls the property), requested that the land be removed from protection as an ecological preserve. As the preserve designation was an agreement between CDFW and PDC, and could be cancelled at the request of either party, the request was granted.
YER is no longer considered an ecological preserve, the signs were removed, and the property is no longer open to the public. On December 12, I attended a public hearing at the ofﬁces of VID to give feedback on the Notice of Intent document. Several interested parties were present and gave oral and written comments. I also made a statement and submitted a letter on behalf of CNPS Alta Peak, giving the opinion that the CEQA document did not adequately address the issues. Also, a group of concerned citizens are investigating the cancellation of the ecological preserve. Currently, the follow-up public hearing meeting for the adoption of a Mitigated Negative Declaration for the Campbell Moreland Ditch has been postponed to a later date to be determined. VID is reviewing comments received
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE